This is the first part of a two-part series on proper bow grip and form, written by GOHUNT’s resident bowhunter, Brady Miller.
Hunting is a physically demanding sport; don’t let anyone tell you otherwise. Whether bowhunting from a treestand in frigid temperatures, getting caught in a rainstorm at 10,000 feet, or carefully trying to keep up to a herd of elk in the backcountry, all of that puts a strain on your body. When the moment of truth arrives, and you’re at full draw, you need a solid form base to fall back on.
Improving your form will help remove inconsistencies — and when it comes to consistency, look no further than the way you place your hand on your bow. This is the primary way that accuracy can be increased or decreased. The way an archer holds his hand influences many different factors in how his bow reacts to the shot, and it is the foundation of shooting form. Improper bow grip leads to unwanted torque during the shot.
Place your hand on the bow in a way that is repeatable, since your hand is the first and last thing to touch the bow during the shot sequence. For the grip to be the most effective, the bow needs to rest on the thenar eminence, also called the pad of your thumb, which is the area to the left of the lifeline or palmar crease if you are looking at your left hand.
The reason for this is that fewer muscles are involved if you use the pad of your thumb, whereas if you fully grip the bow with your entire hand, you are crossing several muscle groups, which adds tension to your grip that can lead to inconsistencies in form and unwanted torque. The bow grip should not cross the lifeline of your hand. Having too much hand on the grip and/or “gripping” the bow tightly with your hand places your forearm inline of the string, which is why people commonly hit their arm.
Utilizing this hand position on the bow grip will further enforce what archers call “bone to bone” form, which means you are using the least amount of muscles. When you add more muscles to your form, you are setting them up for fatigue during long days of hunting or a long day of shooting an archery tournament. With the pad of your thumb as the contact point of your grip, you are setting yourself up to be able to grip the bow in the same position each time.
When you place your bow alongside the lifeline of your hand, you will notice that your knuckles and fingers will be sitting off to the side at a slight angle to the riser. Typically, the optimum angle is roughly 45 degrees from the bow riser. Experiment with different degrees of angle on the pad of your thumb on which the bow grip should rest to find the sweet spot that works for you.
45 degrees is the optimum hand position.
Keep in mind that the thenar eminence must be kept as relaxed as possible through the draw and shot execution, and that your thumb always points toward the target. A relaxed hand and fingers are essential to a successful grip position. If you are afraid that relaxing too much will cause you to drop the bow when you shoot, then you need to install a sling to your bow that goes around your wrist. When there is tension in your hand, you create torque, which leads to arrows that will not fly consistent from shot to shot.
One can easily practice this technique by holding your hand out in front of you (as if you were trying to make someone stop) and then simply relaxing your fingers. You can take it one step further by doing this in front of a mirror so you can see where the proper place for your bow should be on your hand.